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Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Berhampur

Earth and Environmental Sciences

EES 202 : Foundation of Earth Sciences: Part 2 (Introduction to Rock Deformation and Plate Tectonics) (3)

Learning Objectives:

To introduce students to the elementary idea of rock deformation and plate tectonics.

Course Contents:

Unit-1: Basic Structural Elements
Diastrophic and non-diastrophic Structures, Structural elements: planar and linear structures, concept of strike and dip, trend and plunge, rake/pitch, Concept of scale of observation of structures. Topographic maps. Outcrop patterns of different structures.

Unit-2: Folds, Faults and Foliation:
Fold morphology; Geometric classification of folds; Fault zone terminology, Geometric classification of faults, Morphological features of foliations and lineations.

Unit-3: Plate Tectonics & Fundamental Earth process:
Continental Drift and plate tectonics. Plates and plate boundaries. Supercontinent Cycles. Earthquake and earthquake belts, Volcanoes, Concept of isostasy.

Unit-4: Internal Structure of the Earth (Mineralogical phase changes), earthquakes and Volcanoes.

Unit-7: Brief outline of major geological subdivisions of India.

Suggested Readings :

  1. Twiss, R. J., and Moores, E. M., 2007, Structural Geology (2nd Edition), W. H. Freeman and Company.
  2. Ghosh, S. K., 1993, Structural Geology Fundamentals and Modern Developments (1st Edition), Pergamon Press.
  3. Davis, H., Reynolds, S. J., and Kluth, F. C., 2012, Structural Geology of Rocks and Regions (3rd Edition), Wiley.
  4. Jain, A. K., 2014, An Introduction to Structural Geology (1st Edition), Geological Society of India.
  5. Kearey, P., Klepeis, K.A., and Vine F. J., 2009, Global Tectonics (3rd Edition), John Wiley and Sons.
  6. Donald, L. G., and Turcotte, S., 2000, Geodynamics (3rd Edition), Cambridge University Press.
  7. Fowler, C. M. R., 2005, The Solid Earth: An Introduction to Global Geophysics (2nd Edition), Cambridge University Press

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