**PHY ****642: ****Physics of the strongly interacting matter produced in relativistic heavy ion collisions**** (4)**

** Prerequisites:**Quantum Mechanics I and II, Statistical Mechanics

*Course Contents*:

Thermodynamics: QCD thermodynamics and phase diagram, QCD critical point; Approximating QCD medium as relativistic gas (hadrons, quarks and gluons) and its statistical and thermodynamic properties; MIT Bag model, Hagedorn gas

Relativistic Kinematics: four vectors notation, rapidity variables, pseudo-rapidity variables, light cone variables, relativistic invariants

Collision Dynamics: initial state of nuclear collisions, fluid dynamical evolution, kinetic transport model, freeze-out and particle production; Medium transport coefficients

Critical dynamics and its signature in different observables and comparison to model

A general overview of an experimental setup

Passage of radiation through matter: Interaction of heavy charged particles, neutrons, gamma rays, and relativistic particles

Search for QGP and relevant experimental observablesCollective flow, Heavy-flavor , Strangeness enhancement, Jet quenching, J/Ψ suppression,Light matter and antimatter production

DATA Analysis techniques (Monte-Carlo Method, Event Generators)

*Suggested Books*:

- Hadrons and QGP by Letterssier and Rafelski.
- Introduction to High Energy Heavy Ion Collisions by C. Y. Wong.
- Phenomenology of Ultra Relativistic Heavy Ion Collisions by W Florkowski.
- Ultra relativistic heavy ion collisions by R. Vogt.
- Introduction to relativistic heavy ion collisions, by L. P. Csernai.
- A Short Course On Relativistic Heavy Ion Collision by A. K. Chaudhuri.
- Extreme states of matter in strong interaction physics by Helmut Satz.
- Relativistic Hydrodynamics by L. Rezzolla and O. Zanotti.
- Research Reports in Physics, Quark Gluon Plasma, Invited lectures of Winter School, Published by Springer Verlag, Editors - B. Sinha, S. Pal and S. Raha.
- The Physics of Quark Gluon Plasma, Introductory lectures, Lecture Notes in Physics 785, Publisher - Springer, Editor - S. Sarkar, H. Satz and B. Sinha.
- Quark Gluon Plasma - From big bang to little bang, K. Yagi, T. Hatsuda, Y. Miake, Cambridge Monograms on Particle Physics, Nuclear Physics and Cosmology.
- Quark Gluon Plasma: Theoretical Foundations, An annotated reprint collection - J. Kapusta, B. Muller and J. Rafelski, Publisher - Elsevier Science.

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